Endometriosis is a painful condition where the endometrium, the tissue that usually grows inside the uterus, grows in other places besides the uterus. These abnormal buildups of endometrium usually include the Fallopian tubes, the ovaries, and the tissue lining the pelvis.
The endometrium that lines the uterus is normally discharged during menstruation. However, the abnormal buildup of endometrium does not have a way of escaping, so it builds up. If endometriosis occurs in the ovaries, endometriomas may form, which are essentially cysts.
The tissue surrounding the misplaced endometrium can become irritated, developing scar tissue and causing the pelvic and organs to stick to each other. This condition can cause pain, especially during the menstrual period and there can be fertility issues. Fortunately, the condition can be treated.
The principal symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, especially associated with the menstrual period. Not only do patients with endometriosis report that menstrual cramps are more painful than usual but that they increase in intensity every time. The following are some of the symptoms of this condition.
- Cramping and pelvic pain can start before the menstrual period and extend several days into it. Abdominal and lower back pain may also be present.
- Painful bowel movements.
- Pain during intercourse
- Excessive menstrual bleeding.
- Infertility. This is a more severe symptom of the disease. The scar tissue buildup can irreparably damage the reproductive organs, making conception impossible.
- Irritated Bowel Syndrome. Gas, diarrhea, and regular constipation are all symptoms of IBS